UBC Theses and Dissertations
Precast concrete load bearing wall panels Chandwani, Ramesh Hassanand
The object of this thesis is twinfold. Firstly, to study and check the effective width requirements recommended by different committees¹ for the design of ribbed precast concrete load bearing walls. Secondly, to rationalize the practice of the designing of the precast prefabricated components of any general polygonal shape. The recommendations regarding the minimum thickness of a thin wall, the effective width, etc., have been specified for some cases in code books and other tentative specification books², in the form of rules of thumb. In these rules of thumb, several parameters which may be of significance, such as dimensions of the rib itself, are not taken into account. A finite element approach has been adopted to investigate various combinations of these parameters, as well as the effects of different boundary conditions. Similar problems arise also in the cases of T-beams, L-beams and design of aircraft structures, in which a stressed skin is mounted on ribs, which are assembled in the form of a space frame. So far interaction curves have been made available in some design books only for the prestressed concrete member having rectangular cross-sections and for any other shape, approximations are made, such as making a rectangular section having an equivalent area or having the same moment of inertia or section modulii, etc. But this practice seems very irrational especially in the case of precast components which are always produced in a factory on a mass scale. A computer program has been written which can give the interaction curve for the member of any polygonal shape. 1. DRAFT 3: Of PCI Committee, 'Recommendations for Prestressed Bearing Wall Design.' 2. 'Symposium on Precast Concrete Wall Panels.' Publications ACI, SP-11, Second Printing 1966, pp. 39-44.
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