UBC Theses and Dissertations

UBC Theses Logo

UBC Theses and Dissertations

The duality of loyalty : confirmatory factor analysis of the multidimensional interpersonal loyalty inventory Wadsley-Rose, Saffron


Loyalty has been a popular topic in organisational behaviour for decades, but recent research has found evidence to suggest that the construct may be dispositionally oriented and multidimensional. Understanding the latent structure of interpersonal loyalty has important theoretical and clinical implications for counselling psychologists, particularly as the emergence of more maladaptive qualities of the construct have come to the fore. This study investigated the newly developed 42-item Multidimensional Interpersonal Loyalty Inventory (MILI) using confirmatory factor analysis and correlations to other variables on a sample of 394 community dwelling adults. The results yielded factor loadings and fit indexes that adequately supported a six-factor structure. Good internal consistency reliability was found with alpha values ranging from .79-.90 for the individual subscales. Several significant correlations were found between loyalty factors and other interpersonal variables providing convergent and discriminant support for the distinction between three adaptive and three maladaptive domains. Notable relationships were found for the Self-Sacrifice, Transactional and Value-compromise factors which had significant associations to the dark triad, anxious-avoidant attachment, and identity dysfunction. Overall, this study contributes valuable evidence towards the reliability and validity of the MILI and is a significant step forward in better understanding the darker, less adaptive sides of interpersonal loyalty.

Item Media

Item Citations and Data


Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International