UBC Theses and Dissertations
Is it hurting or helping? : the relationship between social support type, self-efficacy, and well-being in stressed dyadic partnerships Levere, Drake
For most people, an intimate partner serves as the first and most important support provider during times of stress. While the perception of support availability has been shown to predict positive outcomes for well-being, research on support transactions (the act of receiving or providing support) has had mixed results. Research suggests that receiving support can sometimes incur costs opposed to benefitting the support receiver. This research seeks to examine when and what types of support transactions can be costly or beneficial to support recipients in times of stress. Chapter 2 examines the relationship that social support and self-efficacy have on rheumatoid arthritis disease activity. An interaction model was assessed that investigated the role that participant’s arthritis self-efficacy and social support had in disease activity at a 1-year follow-up. Participants who reported low self-efficacy and high levels of social support reported the highest level of disease activity, while participants high in self-efficacy and social support reported the lowest levels of disease activity. Chapter 3 tested the reliability and validity of a multidimensional social support transaction scale. Performing a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) across three separate samples suggested that the multidimensional support had a reliable 5-factor structure. The 5 types of social support measured included emotional/esteem, informational, tangible, affectionate, and negative support. Chapter 4 uses the scale validated in the previous chapter to investigate the impact that various support types and self-efficacy have on stressed, dual-earning, married couples with a pre-school aged child. The results suggested that negative and informational support indirectly predicted daily relationship satisfaction through self-efficacy, while receiving emotional support earlier in the day was positively associated with subsequent relationship satisfaction. In summary, this research adds to the growing body of literature on self-efficacy and support receipt, improving our understanding of how different support transactions can predict short- and long-term outcomes in stressed couples.
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