UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Nudos y enredos : circuitos bárbaros y polémicas beligerantes en las revistas andinas de principios del siglo XX Ortiz, Rodolfo


This dissertation is an investigation into the role of magazines in the early twentieth-century intellectual and cultural fields of the Andes. Based on the topology of knots and tangles, I look at the relationship between these magazines and this period's political and cultural transitions in the context of a questioning of the idea of an unviable modernity in the Andes. In a field of friction and entanglement, I analyze the formation of an “abigarrado” or motley zone and how magazines become a dispositif that crosses and undermines borders (and not only national borders), in favor of cultural multiplicity and segmentarity. From Gesta Bárbara (1918) in Potosí to Puno’s Boletín Titikaka (1926-1930), I examine how this dispositif operated in-between the literary and the political, in-between the visual field (both regional and cosmopolitan) and language, in-between insurgent movements (not only indigenous) and the nation-state… in short, in-between the aesthetic and political ideologies discussed and disputed in the interplay of avant-garde movements, political revolutions, and social transformations. I study the circuits of an intellectual barbarism that, through these magazines, (dis)articulates geopolitical paths. I also discuss the discursive heterogenization by which ideas are knotted as soon as their horizons become entangled or diluted. In this mechanism of varied velocities, I highlight the destituent power of an off-center and fugitive intellectuality embodied by Arturo Borda, Pablo Iturri Jurado, Óscar Cerruto, Eustaquio K'allata, Gamaliel Churata… a destituent power that pugnaciously escapes the political and cultural nets of its time.

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