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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Sliding-mode control of DC–DC boost converter with constant impedance and constant power loads Lin, HanQing


An essential component in modern DC systems is the bus-forming boost converter. However, voltage regulation of the boost converter in continuous conduction mode using traditional linear technique is not an easy task due to the system’s inherent right-half-plane zero, which often forces designers to settle with a controller that has narrow bandwidth and poor dynamic response in exchange for adequate stability margin. The effectiveness of linear controllers is further undermined by the nonlinearities of the system. To address these limitations, sliding-mode control, which is a nonlinear control method well-known for its intrinsic stability, robustness and fast response, has gained increased attention in its application to DC–DC boost converters. This thesis focuses on the theoretical analysis as well as the practical implementation of sliding-mode control for boost converters supplying constant impedance and constant power loads. The first part of this thesis reviews the conventional sliding-mode controller for boost converters with simple resistive load and identifies its drawback, whereupon an observer-based fixed-frequency sliding-mode controller is proposed to improve output response while keeping sensor count low. The second part of this thesis extends the basic framework of sliding-mode control to boost converters supplying both constant impedance and constant power loads. The nonlinear mixed-load system is analyzed rigorously, and an accurate closed-loop small-signal model is derived, giving insight into system dynamics and stability. The third part of this thesis utilizes the results from the analysis of the mixed-load system and proposes a new adaptive sliding-mode controller to improve system performance while guaranteeing stability. Simulation studies and experimental results are included to support the analysis and validate the proposed control strategies. The analytical approach presented here is sufficiently general that it may be applied to other converter typologies. The proposed control strategies provide new and beneficial alternatives for power electronic design engineers who are seeking fast, stable and robust control solutions.

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