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Family centred positive behaviour support delivered by telepractice : a single case analysis with a Japanese parent of a child with autism Ando, Serina

Abstract

Although research has documented the effectiveness of family-centred positive behaviour support (FCPBS; Clarke et al., 1999; Lucyshyn et al., 2007), only a handful of studies have examined FCPBS implemented by families of diverse cultural backgrounds (Cheremshynski, Lucyshyn, & Olson, 2013; Lucyshyn et al., 2015). In BC and Japan families of children with autism living far from quality behaviour consultation services from qualified professionals are at risk of not receiving the supports they need to maximize their child’s development (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2016). Given this, there is a merit in augmenting FCPBS with telepractice for families living far from urban areas where most qualified professional reside, including Japanese families in BC and Japan. This study aimed to examine whether a functional relation could be demonstrated between FCPBS delivered to a Japanese mother of a child with autism via telepractice, and improvements in the child’s behaviour and participation in a valued but problematic home routine. The setting selected and defined in collaboration with the family was a morning routine in which the mother assisted the child in getting ready for school. Four dependent variables were measured: (a) child problem behaviour; (b) child positive participation in the routine; (c) goodness of fit; and (d) social validity. Although an experimental single case withdrawal design was planned, due to time constraints, an A-B empirical case study design was implemented. Results documented a decrease in problem behaviour and an increase in positive engagement in the morning routine from baseline to intervention phases. Goodness of fit ratings by both parents indicated that they regarded the PBS plan as good fit with their family. Social validity ratings indicated that the parents viewed the goal, procedures, and outcomes of the telepractice approach to FCPBS as important and acceptable. Results are discussed in terms of relation to the literature, unique contributions, implications, limitations and future research.

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Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

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