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The Six-Party Talks, effective or not? A qualitative analysis on the independent effect of multilateral diplomacy Cho, Hyoung Rark


The purpose of this paper is to examine the causal process of how the Six-Party Talks affected the ROK government’s position towards North Korea and the nuclear problem. In order to examine the causal effect and process of the Six-Party Talks to a state’s (Republic of Korea) position and perception towards another state (North Korea), an analysis that compares the position of a government ex ante (independent variable) and its post-Talks position (dependent variable) is necessary. The baseline in this case would be, the perception, intentions, understanding of the ROK government and leadership regarding North Korea prior to the Six-Party Talks’ inception. To examine the theory’s validity, the research attempts to lay out the causal linkages of Six-Party Talks starting from ROK’s initial view on North Korea before any indications of the Talks, the process of the Talks of leading ROK to enter the multilateral forum, the Talks’ role as a venue for states to exchange, share, and expose information, and the resulting perspective of ROK in comparison with its initial position before the Talks. The research objective is to extract the Talks’ systematic effect on inter- Korean relations and establish the role of the multilateral negotiation in the Korean context.

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