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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Computational power of one-dimensional symmetry-protected topological phases Stephen, David Thomas


We consider ground states of quantum spin chains with symmetry-protected topological (SPT) order as resources for measurement-based quantum computation (MBQC). Using tensor network methods, we show that SPT phases protected by a finite abelian on-site symmetry group exhibit uniform computational power. That is, any state from a given phase leads to the same Lie group of executable gates when used as a resource for MBQC. This Lie group is determined by the same algebraic information that labels the SPT phase itself, and we give a necessary condition on the phase that guarantees a full set of single-qubit gates. To obtain our results, we construct several new techniques in MBQC and refine the structure of quantum states with abelian SPT order. Our results are analogous to similar results relating topological order and topological quantum computation, and we comments on their implications on the general connection between quantum phases of matter and quantum computation.

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