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UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Effect of bonding variation and component combination on dynamic characteristics of compound semi-bonded carbon fiber reinforced elastomeric isolator (CSB-CFREI) Adib Natanzi, Heshmatollah

Abstract

Over the past thirty years, seismic isolation has been considered a viable earthquake damage mitigation technique and has been implemented to protect new and existing structures. However, due to the high production cost and implementation challenges of conventional seismic isolators, application of this protective technology has been limited to high value buildings with important and sensitive contents. To ensure widespread application of the base isolation systems for ordinary residential and commercial buildings, especially in developing countries, not only the production cost must be reduced, but the implementation efficiency must improve as well. With this intention in this study, a new cost effective Elevated Semi-Bonded Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Elastomeric Isolator (ESB-CFREI) with lower production cost and higher implementation efficiency is designed, manufactured, and tested. The innovative ESB-CFREI undergoes lateral cyclic excitations with a unique deformation mechanism that differs from that of conventional Steel Reinforced Elastomeric Isolators SREI and Bonded and Un-Bonded Carbon Fiber Reinforced Elastomeric Isolators. The ESB-CFREI can be used in isolation as an independent “Component Isolator” or combined with other component isolators to form a CESB-CFREI “Compound Isolator.” According to the experimental results, isolators with different bonding levels (BL) are characterized by different overall dynamic characteristics. Depending on component combination configurations, the compound isolators have different average bonding values that result in different damping, effective lateral shear, and axial compression stiffness. Results from experimental tests on different compound isolators demonstrated that change in combination configuration effectively influences the dynamic characteristics of the compound isolator. Dynamic characteristics of component (ESB-CFREI) and compound isolator (CESB-CFREI) as low-cost seismic isolators were investigated by conducting analytical and experimental studies. The isolator’s effective lateral shear and axial compression stiffness along with the isolation efficiency (IE) were defined. The experimental outcome demonstrated the effect of bonding variation on the dynamic characteristics, performance, and efficiency of the ESB-CFREI. The effects of component combination on the dynamic characteristics of the compound isolators were also investigated. Component material testing to investigate the hyper-elastic behaviour of the isolator’s rubber component and long duration excitation tests to study the isolator’s durability and performance were conducted as well.

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International