UBC Theses and Dissertations
Evaluation of outcomes in assessment of iliotibial band syndrome rehabilitation programs SieunNarine-McKay, Janine
One of the most common running related injuries and leading cause of lateral knee pain in recreational runners is iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS). The popularity of recreational running and rate of running related injuries are increasing. This study’s goals were to evaluate the effects of three different exercises programs in reducing ITBS symptoms and determine if the experimental exercise group program provides a new progressive rehab intervention for ITBS management. This study consisted of volunteer female distance runners age 19-45 with ITBS—with a 10-mile per week average running distance during a three-month period. After recording age, gender, injured leg, pain, body weight, and height the participants were split into three treatment groups: i) an experimental exercise group, ii) a conventional exercise group, and iii) a stretching group. Outcomes measured were the Y Balance test (YBT), single leg mini squats (SLMS), dynamometer readings (DN), lower extremity functional scale (LEFS), and numeric pain rating scale (NPRS). The YBT, SLMS and LEFS were taken at weeks 0 and 8, hip strength DN measurements were taken biweekly and the NPRS was taken weekly for 8-weeks. Hypothetically the experimental exercise group should exhibit similar or greater improvements in ITBS symptoms compared to current researched programs for hip strength and stretching. A two-way factorial, repeated measures, analysis of variance (ANOVA) model examined the effects each exercise program had on the outcome measures for between and within group’s differences. Statistical significance within the experimental group was determined for the composite YBT and DN measurements for injured and non-injured leg, injured leg for the posterior medial reach for the YBT, LEFS questionnaire, NPRS during running activity and the SLMS. Statistical significance was determined between the stretching and experimental exercise groups. The stretching group exhibited statistically significant YBT anterior reach for the injured/non-injured leg and the LEFS questionnaire. Although there were no statistical differences found for the experimental exercises group, it consistently showed improvements in outcome measures and never scored less than the other two groups.
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