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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Damage modelling for performance-based earthquake engineering Javaherian Yazdi, Abbas

Abstract

The overarching objective in this work is to advance damage modelling for performance-based earthquake engineering. To achieve this objective, this thesis provides a new vision, technique, and software framework for the assessment of seismic damage and loss to building components. The advent of performance-based earthquake engineering placed a renewed emphasis on the assessment of damage and monetary loss in structural engineering. Assessment of seismic damage and loss for decision making entails two ingredients. First, models that predict the detailed damage to building components; second, a probabilistic framework that simulates damage and delivers the monetary loss for the reliability, risk, and optimization analysis. This motivates the contributions in this thesis, which are summarized in the following paragraphs. First, a literature review is conducted on models, techniques and experimental studies that address component damage due to earthquakes. The existing approaches for prediction of the seismic damage, repair actions, and costs are examined. The objective in this part is to establish a knowledge bank that facilitates the subsequent development of probabilistic models for seismic damage. Second, a logistic regression technique is employed for developing multivariate models that predict the probability of sustaining discrete damage states. It is demonstrated that the logistic regression remedies several shortcomings in univariate damage models, such as univariate fragility curves. The multivariate damage models are developed for reinforced concrete shear walls using experimental data. A search algorithm for model selection is included. It is found that inter-story drift and aspect ratio of walls are amongst the most influential parameters on the damage. Third, an object-oriented software framework for detailed simulation of visual damage is developed. The work builds on the existing software Rt. Emphasis is on the software framework, which facilitates detailed simulation of component behaviour, including visual damage. Information about visual damage allows the prediction of repair actions, which in turn improves our ability to predict the time and cost of repair.

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada

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