UBC Theses and Dissertations
Mechanistic jet impingement model for cooling of hot steel plates Nobari, Amir Hossein
Accelerated cooling on the run-out table of a hot rolling mill is a key technology to tailor microstructure and properties of advanced steels. Thus, it is crucial to develop accurate heat transfer models in order to predict the temperature history of the steel plates on run-out tables. The present study describes a strategy to develop a mechanistic cooling model to simulate the temperature of the plate cooled by top water nozzles on a run-out table. Systematic experiments have been carried out on a pilot scale run-out table facility using two types of top nozzles: planar (curtain) and circular (axisymmetric) nozzles. Experimental results for cooling of stationary plates showed that the heat transfer rate depends strongly on the distance from the jet especially in the temperature range where the transition boiling regime occurs. Based on experimental results, a boiling curve model has been proposed that takes into account boiling heat transfer mechanisms and maps local boiling curves for cooling of stationary steel plates. The effects of water flow rate and water temperature on the heat extraction from the plate have been included in the model. Then, systematic experimental heat transfer studies were conducted to investigate the effect of plate speed on the heat transfer rate. It was found that the plate motion influences the heat transfer rate in the film boiling and transition boiling regimes; however, it does not have an effect on the heat flux in the nucleate boiling regime. Moreover, for the circular nozzle system, it was found that the nucleate boiling heat flux does not change with lateral distance. However, heat flux in the film boiling and transition boiling regimes decreases with increasing distance from the longitudinal centerline of the plate. In the next step, a cooling model was proposed by accounting for the boiling curves of single nozzle cooling for moving plates. Transient heat conduction within the plate was analyzed and surface heat flux and temperature histories were predicted. The validity of the cooling model was examined with multiple nozzles experimental data from the literature. Very good agreement with experimental results has been obtained.
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