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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Multiple-input multiple-output converters for future low-voltage DC power distribution architectures Tong, Yajian


Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) converters have been identified as a cost-effective approach for energy harvesting and dispatching in hybrid power systems such as those envisioned in future smart homes and DC microgrids. Compared with relatively complex set-up of single-input single-output (SISO) converters linked at a common DC bus to exchange power, the MIMO converters possess promising features of fewer components, higher power density, and centralized control. This thesis addresses various issues regarding the development of MIMO converters. Both non-isolated and isolated MIMO converter topologies are proposed. Steady-state analysis and dynamic modeling of MIMO non-inverting buck–boost and flyback converters are introduced and presented in detail. Specific switching strategies are proposed and appropriate control algorithms are presented to enable power budgeting between diverse sources and loads in addition to regulating output voltages. Furthermore, a simple method is put forward for deriving the non-isolated MIMO converters with DC-link inductor (DLI) and DC-link capacitor (DLC). Based on a basic structure, a set of rules is listed for the synthesis of MIMO converters. Using the time-sharing concept, multiple sources provide energy in one period, and multiple loads draw energy in the subsequent period. In the end, general techniques are introduced for extending the SISO converters to their MIMO versions, where parts of the conventional SISO converters are replaced with multiport structures. It is envisioned that MIMO converters presented in this thesis will find their acceptance in the future in various applications with DC distribution, which are becoming increasingly accepted by industry.

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