UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Modeling alternating current rotating electrical machines using constant-parameter RL-branch interfacing circuits Chapariha, Mehrdad


Transient simulation programs are used extensively for modeling and simulation of various electrical power and energy systems that include rotating alternating current machines as generators and motors. In simulation programs, traditionally, the machine models are expressed in qd-coordinates (rotational reference frame) and transformed variables, and the power networks are modeled in abc-phase coordinates (physical variables), which represents an interfacing problem. It has been shown in the literature that the method of interfacing machine models and the electric network models plays an important role in numerical accuracy and computational performance of the overall simulation. This research considers the state-variable-based simulation programs and proposes a unified constant-parameter decoupled RL-branch circuit in abc-phase coordinates (with optional zero-sequence). The proposed circuits are based on voltage-behind-reactance (VBR) formulation and can be used for interfacing both induction and synchronous machine models. The new models achieve a direct and explicit interface with arbitrary external electrical networks, which results in many computational advantages. Extensive computer studies are presented to verify the proposed models and to demonstrate their implementation in several commonly-used simulation programs. The new models are shown to offer significant improvements in accuracy and numerical efficiency over the existing state-of-the-art models due to their direct interface. It is further envisioned that the proposed models will receive a wide acceptance in research community and simulation software industry, and may enable the next generation of power systems simulation tools.

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