UBC Theses and Dissertations
Generalized dynamic average modeling of line-commutated converter systems in transient simulation programs Chiniforoosh, Sina
Power electronic converters are used in a wide range of applications as well as being the enabling technology for interfacing the alternative energy resources and many loads in modern power systems. The methodology of developing the so-called dynamic average-value models (AVMs) for such converters is based on averaging the variables (currents and voltages) within a switching interval resulting in numerically efficient models that are much more suitable than the detailed switching models for system-level studies as well as numerical linearization and the respective small-signal analysis. However, the AVMs available in the literature for line-commutated converters have several limitations such as neglecting the effects of losses, being only valid in certain operational modes and under balanced excitation, as well as employing a simplified representation of the multi-phase transformer in high-pulse-count converters. Moreover, a unified AVM methodology for high-pulse-count converters has not yet been established. In this thesis, a generalized AVM methodology is developed for voltage-source- and rotating-machine-fed multi-pulse line-commutated converters for both classes of transient simulation software packages, i.e., state-variable-based and nodal-analysis-based electromagnetic transient program (EMTP) type. The previously-developed AVM approaches, i.e., analytical and parametric, are extended to the EMTP-type programs, and the indirect and direct methods of interfacing the models with external circuit-network are introduced and compared. For the machine-converter systems, the effects of machine and bridge losses are taken into account in the new AVM. Finally, a generalized dynamic AVM methodology is developed for high-pulse-count converters based on the parametric approach. An effective multi-phase transformer model is developed in transformed (qd0) and phase (abc) variables. An efficient transformer model is also developed, which accurately represents the multi-phase transformer using an equivalent three-phase formulation. The proposed generalized AVM remains valid for all operational modes under balanced and unbalanced excitation. This model is employed for AVM implementation in state-variable-based and EMTP-type programs. Extensive simulation and experimental studies are carried out on several example systems in order to compare the developed AVMs against the detailed and previously-developed average models in time- and frequency-domains. The results demonstrate the great accuracy of the proposed AVMs and a significant improvement compared to the previously-developed models.
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