UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Physics based turning process simulation Gencoglu, Ahmet


The manufacturing planning of parts is currently based on experience and physical test trials. The parts are modeled, and Numerically Controlled (NC) tool paths are generated in Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) environment. The NC programs are physically tested, and if the process faults are found, the NC program is re-generated in the CAM environment. The objective of this thesis is to develop Virtual Turning System that predicts the part machining process ahead of costly physical trials. Tool–workpiece engagement geometry is calculated along the tool path by a proposed polycurve method. The part geometry is imported as a stereolithography (STL) model from the CAM system, and the cross section around the turning axis is reconstructed. The tool and part cross sections are modeled by polycurves, which are constructed by series of arcs and lines. The tool–part geometries are intersected using boolean operations to obtain the engagement conditions. The turning process is modeled by predicting the chip area and equivalent chord angle. The process forces are modeled proportional to the material dependent cutting force coefficients, depth of cut and equivalent chord length that depends on the nose radius and approach angle of the tool. The chatter stability of the process is examined using Nyquist criterion at each tool–workpiece engagement station along the path. The virtual turning simulation simulates the forces and detects the chatter stability, and adjusts the feeds at each tool-part engagement station. The physical turning of parts with arbitrary geometry can be simulated, and cutting conditions that leads to most optimal machining operation is automatically determined without violating the limits of the machine tool and part.

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International