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Respiratory mechanics and diaphragmatic fatigue during exercise in men and women Guenette, Jordan Ali

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this thesis was to determine the underlying mechanisms associated with a higher total WOB in women (Study 1) and to determine if women experience greater levels of diaphragmatic fatigue relative to men (Study 2). Methods: Study 1: Sixteen endurance-trained subjects (8M:8F) underwent a progressive cycling test to exhaustion while esophageal pressure and lung volumes were measured. Modified Campbell diagrams were used to calculate the inspiratory and expiratory resistive and elastic components at 50, 75, 100 l·min⁻¹ and maximal ventilations and also at standardized mass-corrected work-rates. Study 2: Thirty-eight endurance-trained subjects (19M:19F) underwent a constant-load cycling test at 90% of peak work-rate until exhaustion. Pressure-time product of the diaphragm (PTPdi) was calculated during exercise. Trans-diaphragmatic pressure twitches (Pdi,tw) were assessed using cervical magnetic stimulation before and 10, 30 and 60 minutes after exercise. Diaphragm fatigue was defined as a ≥ 15% reduction in Pdi,tw post-exercise. Results: Study 1: The inspiratory resistive WOB was higher in women at all absolute ventilations (P

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