UBC Theses and Dissertations
A frequency-translating hybrid architecture for wideband analog-to-digital converters Jalali Mazlouman, Shahrzad
Many emerging applications call for wideband analog-to-digital converters and some require medium-to-high resolution. Incorporating such ADCs allows for shifting as much of the signal processing tasks as possible to the digital domain, where more flexible and programmable circuits are available. However, realizing such ADCs with the existing single stage architectures is very challenging. Therefore, parallel ADC architectures such as time-interleaved structures are used. Unfortunately, such architectures require high-speed high-precision sample-and-hold (S/H) stages that are challenging to implement. In this thesis, a parallel ADC architecture, namely, the frequency-translating hybrid ADC (FTH-ADC) is proposed to increase the conversion speed of the ADCs, which is also suitable for applications requiring medium-to-high resolution ADCs. This architecture addresses the sampling problem by sampling on narrowband baseband subchannels, i.e., sampling is accomplished after splitting the wideband input signals into narrower subbands and frequency-translating them into baseband where identical narrowband baseband S/Hs can be used. Therefore, lower-speed, lower-precision S/Hs are required and single-chip CMOS implementation of the entire ADC is possible. A proof of concept board-level implementation of the FTH-ADC is used to analyze the effects of major analog non-idealities and errors. Error measurement and compensation methods are presented. Using four 8-bit, 100 MHz subband ADCs, four 25 MHz Butterworth filters, two 64-tap FIR reconstruction filters, and four 10-tap FIR compensation filters, a total system with an effective sample rate of 200 MHz is implemented with an effective number of bits of at least 7 bits over the entire 100 MHz input bandwidth. In addition, one path of an 8-GHz, 4-bit, FTH-ADC system, including a highly-linear mixer and a 5th-order, 1 GHz, Butterworth Gm-C filter, is implemented in a 90 nm CMOS technology. Followed by a 4-bit, 4-GHz subband ADC, the blocks consume a total power of 52 mW from a 1.2 V supply, and occupy an area of 0.05 mm2. The mixer-filter has a THD ≤ 5% (26 dB) over its full 1 GHz bandwidth and provides a signal with a voltage swing of 350 mVpp for the subsequent ADC stage.
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