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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Glucose monitoring measuring blood glucose using vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) Talebi Fard, Sahba


Diabetes Mellitus is a common chronic disease that is an ever-increasing public health issue. Continuous glucose monitoring has been shown to help diabetes mellitus patients stabilize their glucose levels, leading to improved patient health. Hence, a glucose sensor, capable of continuous real-time monitoring, has been a topic of research for three decades. Current methods of glucose monitoring, however, require taking blood samples several times a day, hence patient compliance is an issue. Optical methods are one of the painless and promising methods that can be used for blood glucose predictions. However, having accuracies lower than what is acceptable clinically has been a major concern. To improve on the accuracy of the predictions, the signal-to-noise ratio in the spectrum can be increased, for which the use of thermally tunable vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) as the light source to obtain blood absorption spectra, along with a multivariate technique (Partial Least Square (PLS) techniques) for analysis, is proposed. VCSELs are semiconductor lasers with small dimensions and low power consumption, which makes them suitable for implants. VCSELs provide higher signal-to-noise ratio as they have high power spectral density and operate within a small spectrum. In the current research, experiments were run for the preliminary investigations to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed technique for glucose monitoring. This research involves preliminary investigations for developing a novel optical system for accurate measurement of glucose concentration. Experiments in aqueous glucose solutions were designed to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed technique for glucose monitoring. In addition, multivariate techniques, such as PLS, were customized for various specific purposes of this project and its preliminary investigation. This research will lead to the development of a small, low power, implantable optical sensor for diabetes patients, which will be a major breakthrough in the area of treating diabetes patients, upon successful completion of this research and development of the device.

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