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Thue equations and related topics Akhtari, Shabnam

Abstract

Using a classical result of Thue, we give an upper bound for the number of solutions to a family of quartic Thue equations. We also give an upper bound upon the number of solutions to a family of quartic Thue inequalities. Using the Thue-Siegel principle and the theory of linear forms in logarithms, an upper bound is given for general quartic Thue equations. As an application of the method of Thue-Siegel, we will resolve a conjecture of Walsh to the effect that the Diophantine equation aX⁴ - bY² = 1, for fixed positive integers a and b, possesses at most two solutions in positive integers X and Y. Since there are infinitely many pairs (a, b) for which two such solutions exist, this result is sharp. It is also effectively proved that for fixed positive integers a and b, there are at most two positive integer solutions to the quartic Diophantine equation aX⁴ - bY² = 2. We will also study cubic and quartic Thue equations by combining some classical methods from Diophantine analysis with modern geometric ideas.

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