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Plasma concentrations of nelfinavir and viral suppression in HIV-1 infected pregnant women Chaworth-Musters, Tessa

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy(HAART) is used in pregnancy to suppress viral load(pVL) before delivery, reducing risk of vertical HIV-transmission. Nelfinavir(NFV) containing HAART has been highly used in pregnancy, but dosages may be inadequate due to the physiologic changes that occur. Given concerns regarding optimal viral suppression in pregnancy, drug toxicity and resistance development, NFV levels need to be evaluated in this population to guide dosing recommendations. METHODS: As part of a prospective cohort study maternal blood was collected at 18-28wks, 32-37wks and at delivery. Times of last medication dose and blood sampling were recorded and drug levels were measured using HPLC MS-MS. NFV concentration-ratios(NFV-CRs) were calculated by dividing individual levels by a time-adjusted population value. Plasma NFV concentrations and NFV-CRs were compared across gestational age and correlated to variables of interest. Rate and maintenance of viral suppression were analyzed in relation to NFV concentrations and CRs. Statistical tests included ANOVA, χ2, linear regression, and Kaplan Meier estimates. RESULTS: 113 samples were collected from 32 subjects. Samples were eliminated if not in steady state (n=20); 93 samples from 32 subjects were analyzed. Mean NFV-CR at 18-28wks (1.1±0.73) and 32-37wks (0.86±0.73) were not significantly different but were both significantly higher by ANOVA (p=0.049) than the mean NFV-CR at delivery (0.44±0.50). CRs were highly variable. Of 49 antepartum samples, 49%(24) had a CR

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