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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Gromov-Witten theory in dimensions two and three Gholampour, Amin


In this thesis, we solve for (equivariant) Gromov-Witten theories of some important classes of surfaces and threefolds, and study their relationships to other brances of mathematics. The first object is the class of P2-bundles over a smooth curve C of genus g. Our bundles are of the form P(L0 + L1 +L2) for arbitrary line bundles L0, L1 and L2 over C. We compute the partition functions of these invariants for all classes of the form s + nf, where s is a section, f is a fiber and n is an integer. In the case where the class is Calabi-Yau, i.e., K • (s + nf) = 0,the partition function is given by 3g (2sin u/2) 2g-2 As an application, one can obtain a series of full predictions for the equivariant Donaldson Thomas invariants for this family of non-toric threefolds. Secondly, we compute the C-equivariant quantum cohomology ring of Y, the minimal resolution of the DuVal singularity C2 /G where G is a finite subgroup of SU(2). The quantum product is expressed in terms of an ADE root system canonically associated to G. We generalize the resulting Frobenius manifold to non-simply laced root systems to obtain an n parameter family of algebra structures on the affine root lattice of any root system. Using the Crepant Resolution Conjecture, we obtain a prediction for the orbifold Grornov-Witten potential of [C2 /G]. Thirdly, for a polyhedral group G, that is a finite subgroup of S0(3), we completely determine the Gromov-Witten theory of Nakamura's G- Hilbert scheme, which is a preferred Calabi-Yau resolution of the polyhedral singularity C3/G. The classical McKay correspondence determines the (classical) cohomology of this resolution in terms of the representation theory of G. We express the Cromov-Witten potential in terms of an ADE root system associated to G. As an application, we use the Crepant Resolution Conjecture to provide a full prediction for the orbifold Grornov-Witten invariants of [C3/G]. Finally, in the case that G is the group A4 or Z2 x Z2, we compute the integral of Ag on the Hurwitz locus HG C Mg of curves admitting a degree 4 cover of P1 having monodromy group G. We compute the generating functions for these integrals and write them as a trigonometric expression summed over the positive roots of the E6 and D4 root systems respectively. As an application, we prove the Crepaut Resolution Conjecture for the orbifolds [C3/A4] and [C3/(Z2 x Z2)].

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