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Sex-specific changes in bone structure and strength during growth: pQCT analysis of the mid-tibia Ahamed, Yasmin

Abstract

Introduction: The process by which children's bones grow has not been fully charcterised. The current dogma is that girls fill in their medullary canal area by forming bone at the endosteum. It has been argued that the sex difference in how bone strength is conferred -- favouring boys -- may contribute to the relative protection that aging men have over aging women with respect to fracture incidence and the prevalence of osteoporosis. Primary Objectives: 1)To compare bone surface changes at the periosteal and endosteal surface of the tibial midshaft in boys and girls. 2)To compare how bone density at the tibial midshaft is accrued in boys and girls. 3) To compare sex differences in bone strength accrual. Methods: Design and Participants: Participants were obtained from a 20-month randomized, controlled school-based physical activity intervention. As we found no difference in the effect of the intervention on pQCT bone outcome variables, both groups were combined for our current study. A total of 183 participants (93 boys, 89 girls) received a pQCT scan at baseline. Results: Sex-specific comparisons of the pQCT bone outcome variables showed significantly greater rates of change (slope) for boys for the total area (ToA), cortical area (CoA), medullary canal area (MedA) and strength-strain index (SSI) measures, p

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