UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Rapid design of steel monosymmetric plate and box girders Khorasani, Milad


This thesis deals with the design process for steel plate girders and box girders. The design of plate girders is quite prescriptive. A more fundamental approach is required for the design of box girders. Equations explicitly for the design of plate and box girders are heavily influenced by empirical data. This work considers pure steel box girders only, and does not include the design of composite box girder sections. CAN/CSA-S6-00 “Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code” provides detailed design requirements for these composite girders. The design of plate girders follows mostly the requirements specified in the “Handbook of Steel Construction” CAN/CSA-S16.1. However, the S16.1 clauses relating to bending capacity are not well suited for the design of monosymmetric plate girders. Therefore, the code recommends a rational method of analysis such as methods explained in the Structural Stability Research Council’s Guide to Stability Design Criteria for Metal Structures. In addition, “Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code” CAN/CSA-S6-00 provides additional design information for monosymmetric sections. A steel box girder excluding composite design, hereon simply referred to as a box girder, is a purely steel section that could be designed in accordance with CAN/CSA-S16 “Limit States Design of Steel Structures”. However, this standard focuses on clauses for plate girder design, with little specific reference to box girders. Therefore, additional reference materials such as: 1) Guide to Stability Design Criteria for Metal Structures, 2) Crane Manufacturer’s Association of America (CMAA 74-2) standards, and 3) Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code are used for the design of monosymmeteric box girders. An integrated design and analysis environment in a form of formatted spreadsheet is implemented to ease the design process. The spreadsheet checks for both strength and serviceability requirements according to the applicable codes and standards. Included with this project is a clear procedure manual in chapter 7, so that the spreadsheet can be utilized for commercial design.

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International