UBC Theses and Dissertations
Reactive uptake of O₃ and N₂O₅ on organic mixtures and inorganic solutions coated with organic monolayers Cosman, Lori Marie
Atmospheric particles play a crucial role in climate, visibility, air pollution, and human health. Reactions between gas-phase molecules and particles (heterogeneous reactions) affect not only the particle composition and morphology, but also the composition of the atmosphere. This thesis investigates the heterogeneous chemistry of organic mixtures and inorganic solutions coated with organic monolayers as proxies for atmospheric particles. The first topic of interest was the reaction between N₂0₅ and aqueous inorganic solutions coated with organic monolayers. The goal of this work was to better understand how organic monolayers on aqueous particles affect the mass transport and kinetics of N₂0₅ uptake by aqueous aerosols, and consequently what effectthe monolayer can have on predicted concentrations of N₂0₅ in the atmosphere. To investigate heterogeneous reactions of inorganic solutions coated with an organic monolayer a new rectangular channel flow reactor was developed. This newly developed flow reactor was described in detail and validated. Subsequently, the new flow reactor was used to study the reactive uptake of N₂0₅ on sulfuric acid solutions in the presence of a variety of 1- and 2-component monolayers with varying functional groups, solubilities, chain lengths, surface pressures, and molecular surface areas. Reactive uptake of N₂0₅ on aqueous sulfuric acid solutions was found to correlate most strongly with the molecular surface area or packing density of the monolayer. These results provide a good foundation for determining the influence of monolayers on heterogeneous reactions in the atmosphere, and highlight the need for characterization of monolayer surface properties of organic monolayers present on atmospheric particles. The second topic of interest was reactions between 0₃ and proxies for meat cooking aerosols with the goal to better understand the effect of the phase and microstructure of the mixtures on the lifetime of oleic acid (OA) in atmospheric particles. The reactive uptake of 0₃ was approximately 1 order of magnitude slower on binarysolid-liquid mixtures and multicomponent mixtures that closely represent compositions of meat-cooking aerosols compared to the liquid solutions. Lifetimes up to 75 min were obtained for these mixtures.
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