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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Seismic ground-roll separation using sparsity promoting L1 minimization Yarham, Carson Edward


The removal of coherent noise generated by surface waves in land based seismic is a prerequisite to imaging the subsurface. These surface waves, termed as ground roll, overlay important reflector information in both the t-x and f-k domains. Standard techniques of ground roll removal commonly alter reflector information as a consequence of the ground roll removal. We propose the combined use of the curvelet domain as a sparsifying basis in which to perform signal separation techniques that can preserve reflector information while increasing ground roll removal. We examine two signal separation techniques, a block-coordinate relaxation method and a Bayesian separation method. The derivations and background for both methods are presented and the parameter sensitivity is examined. Both methods are shown to be effective in certain situations regarding synthetic data and erroneous surface wave predictions. The block-coordinate relaxation method is shown to have major weaknesses when dealing with seismic signal separation in the presence of noise and with the production of artifacts and reflector degradation. The Bayesian separation method is shown to improve overall separation for both seismic and real data. The Bayesian separation scheme is used on a real data set with a surface wave prediction containing reflector information. It is shown to improve the signal separation by recovering reflector information while improving the surface wave removal. The abstract contains a separate real data example where both the block-coordinate relaxation method and the Bayesian separation method are compared.

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