UBC Graduate Research

Baby-Led Weaning : A Scoping Review Devlin, Erin Elizabeth


Background: Baby-led weaning is an approach to the complementary feeding of infants that is quickly becoming popular among parents and caregivers around the world. Baby-led weaning is advertised as an approach that has many benefits for both infants and their families. However, health care professionals seem hesitant to recommend a baby-led weaning approach due to a lack of knowledge and concerns of choking and inadequate intake. Objectives: The objectives of this scoping review were to determine if baby-led weaning is a safe and effective approach to the complementary feeding of infants and to increase the knowledge of baby-led weaning among health care professionals. Methods: A systematic search for evidence published between January 2010 and June 2021 was completed in three databases: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Ovid EMBASE, and Ovid MEDLINE. Results: Fifteen studies (three qualitative, nine quantitative, three systematic reviews) were included in this scoping review. Three themes were developed to provide a synthesis of the main findings from the included studies: child experience and outcomes, parent experience, and health care professional experience. Conclusion: The evidence included within this review suggests that baby-led weaning is a safe and effective approach to the complementary feeding of infants. The evidence provides support for many of the perceived benefits of a baby-led weaning approach while suggesting there is no reason for concern regarding an increased risk of choking or inadequate intake. This review outlines implications for health care professionals, education, and research.

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