UBC Graduate Research

Black Female Entrepreneurs in Jamaica : Defying the (In)visible Barriers and Succeeding Hamilton, Ann-Marie


This paper examines the factors that affect Black female entrepreneurs in Jamaica through the lens of slavery, colonialism, gender, race, class and the impact of the International Monetary Fund’s predatory neoliberal policies. In addition, the essay includes a literature review that shows the impact of these factors on Black female business owners in the Caribbean and the US, but the US is not included in analysis of the IMF. While secondary and primary sources were used, the primary sources produced more up-to-date and relevant information for this paper, particularly for Jamaica. The research portrayed that slavery and colonialism laid the foundation on which gender, race and class is structured for Black female business owners today. It also showed the consequences of these imposed systematic structures on the business women in the informal and formal sectors. Additionally, the essay illustrated that the predatory neoliberal policies of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has had adverse effects on the economy which in turn impacts the establishment and growth of Black female entrepreneurship. The essay demonstrates in the form of case studies the various successful encounter measures that the group of informal commercial importers from the informal sector and three entrepreneurs from the formal arena, deployed. This feat was achieved partly because the government implemented a monetary policy that created a positive economy.

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