UBC Graduate Research

Free-floating bike share as a last mile transit connection : using hazard models to understand bike share patterns at UBC Vissers, M. Jake


The University of British Columbia (UBC) launched its first permanent free-floating bike share (FFBS) in 2019 with the arrival of HOPR. This new system is part of a global trend which has seen FFBS grow significantly in the last five years. As such, exploring how this emerging technology is being used has become more critical in planning for existing and future systems. Existing literature shows that proximity to transit can increase demand for FFBS, suggesting that FFBS may be an effective first/last mile connection. The purpose of this study is to determine whether proximity to frequent transit increases FFBS demand at UBC. To do this, I examine how ambient factors, such as weather, land use and transit, among others, affect bicycle idle duration, which I use as an inverse proxy for demand. This is done by estimating a Cox proportional hazard model, which models how each covariate affects the probability of a bicycle being booked. This study offers a unique exploration of how FFBS is used on a major university campus, particularly whether the system serves as a last mile connection for transit. These findings may benefit future planning decisions at UBC, as well as other universities interested in FFBS.

Item Citations and Data


Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International