A best practices review of simulated education approaches to enhance collaborative healthcare Murdoch, Natalie L.
Interprofessional simulation can provide health professional program educators with an effective means to prepare future practitioners to engage in meaningful collaboration. This systematic literature review was conducted to identify best practices recommendations to enhance collaborative healthcare using interprofessional simulated education innovations for learners in pre-licensure nursing programs and other health profession programs. Using a systematic review methodology, 375 articles were reviewed and 17 studies met the inclusion criteria. Based on the methodological strength of the research and the impact of the simulation innovations, the following simulation techniques were recommended: high-fidelity human patient simulators, role play, and didactic lecture and audience response didactic lecture, both followed by role play with a standardized patient. One approach used in interprofessional education simulations, instructor modeling, was related to particularly positive outcomes for learners. Instructor modeling demonstrated significant results for achieving interprofessional competencies when compared to no modeling. Future research is needed to identify the optimal timing for implementing interprofessional education innovations, for the development of interprofessional collaborative evaluation tools, and to determine the effects of collaborative practice on patient care. Research on the effectiveness of interprofessional simulation would be strengthened with innovations and evaluations based on educational models and learning theories.
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