UBC Graduate Research

Weight Reduction as an Intervention for Low Back Pain: Systematic Review and Implications for Physical Therapy Practice Woolner, Jodie E.


Study Purpose: To review the most current literature on treatment interventions for low back pain and determine if weight management is among the interventions used. Background and Significance: Low back pain is the number two reason Americans see their healthcare professional –second only to colds and flu. Low back pain is defined as, “acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-­ligamentous sprains and strains; intervertebral disk displacement; and other conditions”. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours are primary contributors to the prevalence of lifestyle-­related conditions, including low back pain, this century. New theories suggest weight loss may reduce the harmful effects of added load on the spine that cause altered biomechanics and increased potential for early degeneration. Current treatment for low back pain does not involve the use of weight management as an intervention. MPT Systematic Reviews and Research Projects.

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