UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Clinical and Molecular Characterization of a Novel Homozygous Frameshift Variant in AEBP1-Related Classical-like Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Type 2 with Comparison to Previously Reported Rare Cases Ha, Zong Yi; Chijiwa, Chieko; Lewis, Suzanne M.

Abstract

Recently, an autosomal recessive subtype of connective tissue disorder within the spectrum of Ehlers–Danlos syndrome (EDS), named classical-like EDS type 2 (clEDS2), was identified. clEDS2 is associated with biallelic variants in the adipocyte enhancer binding protein 1 (AEBP1) gene, specifically, affecting its aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein (ACLP) isoform. We described the 15th patient (13th family) diagnosed with clEDS2. This patient presented with notable similarities in phenotype to the documented cases, along with additional characteristics such as significant prematurity and short stature. An EDS sequencing panel-based analysis revealed homozygous AEBP1: NM_001129.5:c.2923del, p.Ala975Profs*22 likely pathogenic variants, and maternally inherited heterozygous COL11A1: NM_001854.4:c.1160A>G, p.Lys387Arg variant of uncertain significance in our patient. Upon comprehensive review of all previously reported clEDS2 patients, our patient exhibited the following overlapping phenotypes, including cutaneous features: hyperextensibility, atrophic scars/delayed wound healing (100%), easy bruising (100%), excessive skin (93%); skeletal features: generalized joint hypermobility (93%), pes planus (93%), dislocation/subluxation (93%); and cardiovascular features (86%). Our patient did not display symptoms of the critical complications reported in a few individuals, including superior mesenteric artery aneurysms and ruptures, aortic root aneurysm/dissection, spontaneous pneumothoraxes, and bowel ruptures. Together, this case expands the genetic and clinical phenotypic spectrum of AEBP1-related clEDS2.

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