UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Relationship between Climate-Shaped Urbanization and Forest Ecological Function: A Case Study of the Yellow River Basin, China Gu, Xiaobing; Wang, Guangyu; Zhang, Shunli; Feng, Linyan; Sharma, Ram P.; Zhou, Huoyan; Fu, Liyong; Wu, Qingjun; Dou, Yaquan; Zhao, Xiaodi


Amidst the compounded challenges posed by global climate change and urbanization on forest ecosystems, the integration of urbanization control measures within a climate-focused framework may offer an avenue for breakthroughs. This study delves into the impact of climate, specifically hydrothermal conditions, on the complex interplay between urbanization (Urb) and forest ecological function (Eco) in the Yellow River Basin (YRB) in China. Our findings reveal: (1) The application of a coupled coordination model reveals a stronger alignment between urbanization and forest ecological function in the warm and humid regions in the YRB. (2) Through the cross-sectional threshold regression model, we elucidate the diverse responses of Urb to Eco across varying climate gradients. Among them, annual precipitation shows a double-threshold effect at 532.34 mm and 694.18 mm. As precipitation increases, the impact of Urb shifts from negative to positive on Eco. Moreover, in regions with precipitation below 532.34 mm and above 694.18 mm, the absolute value of response coefficients of Eco to Urb is amplified. Annual average temperature displays a single-threshold effect at 10.11 °C, leading to a transition from negative to positive impact as temperature rises. This study establishes the climate-based threshold system that governs the urbanization–forest ecological function relationship.

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