UBC Faculty Research and Publications

IRS-Enabled Ultra-Low-Power Wireless Sensor Networks : Scheduling and Transmission Schemes Alwazani, Hibatallah; Chaaban, Anas


Passive technologies, including intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS), are gaining traction thanks to their ability to enhance communication systems while maintaining minimal cost and low complexity. They can assist a wireless sensor network (WSN) by achieving low power requirements for sensors and aid communication needs in many applications, for instance, environmental monitoring. In this paper, we propose an IRS-equipped WSN which describes sensors equipped with IRSs instead of active radio frequency (RF) electronics. The IRS sensor node (ISN) intercepts a dedicated signal from a power source such as a base station (BS) and modulates the transmission of that signal to an intended recipient. In order to enable multiple sensors to transmit to the receiver, we study opportunistic scheduling (OS) utilizing multi-sensor diversity while considering blind IRS operation, and compare it with round-robin (RR), proportional fairness (PF), and a theoretical upper bound. We study the effect of the choice of the number of IRS elements N and number of ISNs L on the average throughput of the system under OS. Finally, we provide pertinent comparisons for the different scheduling schemes and IRS configurations under relevant system performance metrics, highlighting different scenarios in which each scheme performs better.

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