UBC Faculty Research and Publications

International depiction of the cost of functional independence limitations among older adults living in the community : a systematic review and cost-of-impairment study Falck, Ryan S.; Percival, Alexis G.; Tai, Daria; Davis, Jennifer Colleen


Background: Functional independence limitations restrict older adult self-sufficiency and can reduce quality of life. This systematic review and cost of impairment study examined the costs of functional independence limitations among community dwelling older adults to society, the health care system, and the person. Methods: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines this systematic review included community dwelling older adults aged 60 years and older with functional independence limitations. Databases (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EconLit, NHS EED, Embase, CINAHL, AgeLine, and MEDLINE) were searched between 1990 and June 2020. Two reviewers extracted information on study characteristics and cost outcomes including mean annual costs of functional independence limitations per person for each cost perspective (2020 US prices). Quality was assessed using the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) checklist. Results: 85 studies were included. The mean annual total costs per person (2020 US prices) were: $27,380.74 (95% CI: [$4075.53, $50,685.96]) for societal, $24,195.52 (95% CI: [$9679.77, $38,711.27]) for health care system, and $7455.49 (95% CI: [$2271.45, $12,639.53]) for personal. Individuals with cognitive markers of functional independence limitations accounts for the largest mean costs per person across all perspectives. Variations across studies included: cost perspective, measures quantifying functional independence limitations, cost items reported, and time horizon. Conclusions: This study sheds light on the importance of targeting cognitive markers of functional independence limitations as they accounted for the greatest costs across all economic perspectives.

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)