UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Search for Majorana neutrinos in same-sign WW scattering events from pp collisions at √s = 13 TeV ATLAS Collaboration


A search for Majorana neutrinos in same-sign W W scattering events is presented. The analysis uses √s = 13 TeV proton–proton collision data with an integrated luminosity of 140 fb−1 recorded during 2015–2018 by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The analysis targets final states including exactly two same-sign muons and at least two hadronic jets well separated in rapidity. The modelling of the main backgrounds, from Standard Model samesign W W scattering and W Z production, is constrained with data in dedicated signal-depleted control regions. The distribution of the transverse momentum of the second-hardest muon is used to search for signals originating from a heavy Majorana neutrino with a mass between 50 GeV and 20 TeV. No significant excess is observed over the background expectation. The results are interpreted in a benchmark scenario of the Phenomenological Type-I Seesaw model. In addition, the sensitivity to the Weinberg operator is investigated. Upper limits at the 95% confidence level are placed on the squared muon-neutrino–heavy-neutrino mass-mixing matrix element |VμN | 2 as a function of the heavy Majorana neutrino’s mass mN , and on the effective μμ Majorana neutrino mass |mμμ|.

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