UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Incorporating Immune Cells into Organoid Models: Essential for Studying Human Disease Bogoslowski, Ania; An, Meilin; Penninger, Josef


Organoid-based research has made significant discoveries and contributions to our understanding of human organ function in both health and disease. To continue making progress, it is crucial to acknowledge the crucial role of the immune system in all organs. Various immune cells, such as macrophages, T cells, and neutrophils, are resident in almost all human tissues and play essential roles in organ homeostasis, function, and disease. Using diverse methods, researchers have begun integrating immune cells into organoid models, leading to more physiologically relevant models that better represent various aspects of human disease. These methods range from immune cell injection to co-culture and tissue expansion with existing immune cells. Immune cells can be sourced from mature patients or generated from stem cells as immature immune cells. The successful incorporation of immune cells into organoids will enhance our understanding of organ function and provide a more accurate approximation of human disease.

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