Efficacy of Different Testing Scenarios in Reducing Transfusion-Transmitted Hepatitis B Virus (TT-HBV) Infection Risk Lelie, Nico; Busch, Michael; Kleinman, Steven
The efficacy of different screening scenarios in reducing hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission risk as compared to the risk without screening was modeled in 9,337,110 donations from four geographical regions that had been subjected to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and individual donation nucleic acid amplification testing (ID-NAT). We used the Weusten models for estimating infectivity risk for Red Blood Cell (RBC) transfusions in eight HBV infection stages and then evaluated multiple screening strategies based on minipool (MP) and ID-NAT options of different sensitivity for their efficacy in reducing this risk. The efficacy in reducing HBV transmission risk by screening scenarios across the regions varied between 81% (HBsAg only) and 99.2% (ID-NAT and anti-HBc). Highly sensitive ID-NAT alone achieved a slightly higher risk reduction (97.6–99.0%) than minipool of 6 donations (MP6)-NAT in combination with HBsAg and anti-HBc (96.3–98.7%). In ID-NAT screened lapsed and repeat donors, the additional risk removed by HBsAg testing was minimal (<0.1%). The modeling outcomes in this and two previous reports using this multi-regional database suggest that one could consider an ID-NAT alone testing scenario as an alternative to MP-NAT and serology-based testing algorithms and restrict serologic testing to first-time donors only.
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