A Reduced-Order Fluid Flow Model for Gas Injection into Porous Media: For Application in Carbon Sequestration in Mine Tailings Baidya, Durjoy; Wynands, Eric; Samea, Parham; Ghoreishi-Madiseh, Seyed Ali; Dipple, Gregory
One method to accelerate carbon sequestration within mine tailings from remote mines involves the injection of diesel generator exhaust into dry stack tailings. The techno-economic feasibility of this approach heavily depends on understanding the flow characteristics inside the perforated injection pipes embedded within the tailings. Two distinctive yet dynamically coupled transport phenomena were identified and evaluated: (i) gas transport inside the pipe and (ii) gas injection into the porous body of the tailings. This paper presents two models to investigate these transport phenomena, a three-dimensional (3D) and a one-plus-one-dimensional (1 + 1)D model. An experimental investigation of the pressure profile through the injection pipe was carried out to validate the models at the experimental scale. To apply the (1 + 1)D model to larger scales, the results were compared with those of the 3D model, as the (1 + 1)D model required significantly less computational resources and time. To include the effect of the perforations in the pipe on the pressure profile of the (1 + 1)D model, an analytical fluid velocity profile was developed in relation to geometric and physical parameters. The performance of the (1 + 1)D model with an impact factor was then evaluated against the 3D model results for the inlet pressure, pressure profile and gas outflow distribution under various conditions than those investigated experimentally. The developed (1 + 1)D model can be used to design an energy-efficient approach for large-scale implementation with a wide range of desired operating parameters.
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