UBC Faculty Research and Publications

The application of mechanical load onto mouse tendons by magnetic restraining represses Mmp-3 expression Mousavizadeh, Rouhollah; West, Valerie C.; Inguito, Kameron L.; Elliott, Dawn M.; Parreno, Justin


Objectives Mechanical loading is crucial for tendon matrix homeostasis. Under-stimulation of tendon tissue promotes matrix degradation and ultimately tendon failure. In this study, we examined the expression of tendon matrix molecules and matrix-degrading enzymes (matrix metalloproteinases) in stress-deprived tail tendons and compared to tendons that were mechanically loaded by a simple restraining method. Data description Isolated mouse tail fascicles were either floated or restrained by magnets in cell culture media for 24 h. The gene expression of tendon matrix molecules and matrix metalloproteinases in the tendon fascicles of mouse tails were examined by real-time RT-PCR. Stress deprivation of tail tendons increase Mmp3 mRNA levels. Restraining tendons represses these increases in Mmp3. The gene expression response to restraining was specific to Mmp3 at 24 h as we did not observe mRNA level changes in other matrix related genes that we examined (Col1, Col3, Tnc, Acan, and Mmp13). To elucidate, the mechanisms that may regulate load transmission in tendon tissue, we examined filamentous (F-)actin staining and nuclear morphology. As compared to stress deprived tendons, restrained tendons had greater staining for F-actin. The nuclei of restrained tendons are smaller and more elongated. These results indicate that mechanical loading regulates specific gene expression potentially through F-actin regulation of nuclear morphology. A further understanding on the mechanisms involved in regulating Mmp3 gene expression may lead to new strategies to prevent tendon degeneration.

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)