UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Dynamic Modeling and Simulation of a Four-Wheel Skid-Steer Mobile Robot Using Linear Graphs McCormick, Eric; Lang, Haoxiang; De Silva, Clarence W.


This paper presents the application of the concepts and approaches of linear graph (LG) theory in the modeling and simulation of a four-wheel skid-steer mobile robotic system. An LG representation of the system is proposed, and the accompanying state-space model of the dynamics of a mobile robot system is evaluated using the associated LGtheory MATLAB toolbox, which was developed in our lab. A genetic algorithm (GA)-based parameter estimation method is employed to determine the system parameters, which leads to a very accurate simulation of the model. The developed model is then evaluated and validated by comparing the simulated LG model trajectory with the trajectory of an ROS Gazebo-simulated robot and experimental data obtained from the physical robotic system. The obtained results demonstrate that the proposed LG model, combined with the GA parameter estimation process, produces a highly accurate method of modeling and simulating a mobile robotic system.

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