Nitro-Group-Containing Thiopeptide Derivatives as Promising Agents to Target Clostridioides difficile Kim, Dahyun; Kim, Young-Rok; Hwang, Hee-Jong; Ciufolini, Marco A.; Lee, Jusuk; Lee, Hakyeong; Clovis, Shyaka; Jung, Sungji; Oh, Sang-Hun; Son, Young-Jin; et al.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) lists Clostridioides difficile as an urgent bacterial threat. Yet, only two drugs, vancomycin and fidaxomicin, are approved by the FDA for the treatment of C. difficile infections as of this writing, while the global pipeline of new drugs is sparse at best. Thus, there is a clear and urgent need for new antibiotics against that organism. Herein, we disclose that AJ-024, a nitroimidazole derivative of a 26-membered thiopeptide, is a promising anti-C. difficile lead compound. Despite their unique mode of action, thiopeptides remain largely unexploited as anti-infective agents. AJ-024 combines potent in vitro activity against various strains of C. difficile with a noteworthy safety profile and desirable pharmacokinetic properties. Its time-kill kinetics against a hypervirulent C. difficile ribotype 027 and in vivo (mouse) efficacy compare favorably to vancomycin, and they define AJ-024 as a valuable platform for the development of new anti-C. difficile antibiotics.
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