Survival Outcomes Associated with First and Second-Line Palliative Systemic Therapies in Patients with Metastatic Bladder Cancer Beigi, Arshia; Vafaei-Nodeh, Saba; Huang, Longlong; Sun, Shaun Z.; Ko, Jenny
Background: Real-world data on palliative systemic therapies (PST) in treating metastatic bladder cancer (mBC) is limited. This study investigates current trends in treating mBC with first- (1L) and second-line (2L) chemotherapy (CT) and immunotherapy (IT). Methods: A chart review was conducted on patients diagnosed with stage II-IV bladder cancer in 2014–2016. Survival outcomes were compared between chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and supportive care. Results: out of 297 patients, 77% were male. 44% had stage IV disease at diagnosis. Median age at metastasis was 73 years. 40% of patients received 1L PST and 34% received 2L PST. Median overall survival (mOS) was longer in those receiving PST versus no treatment (p < 0.001). Patients receiving CT and IT sequentially had the longest mOS (18.99 months). First-line IT and CT mOS from treatment start dates were 5.03 and 9.13 months, respectively (p = 0.81). Gemcitabine with cisplatin (8.88 months) or carboplatin (9.13 months) were the most utilized 1L chemotherapy regimens (p = 0.85). 2L IT and CT mOS from treatment start dates were 6.72 and 3.78 months, respectively (p = 0.15). Conclusion: real-world mOS of >1.5 years in mBC is unprecedented and supports using multiple lines of PST. Furthermore, immunotherapy may be a comparable alternative to chemotherapy in both 1L and 2L settings.
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