Evaluation of Darolutamide (ODM201) Efficiency on Androgen Receptor Mutants Reported to Date in Prostate Cancer Patients Lallous, Nada; Snow, Oliver; Sanchez, Christophe; Parra Nuñez, Ana Karla; Sun, Bei; Hussain, Ahmed; Lee, Joseph; Morin, Helene; Leblanc, Eric; Gleave, Martin; Cherkasov, Artem
Resistance to drug treatments is common in prostate cancer (PCa), and the gain-of-function mutations in human androgen receptor (AR) represent one of the most dominant drivers of progression to resistance to AR pathway inhibitors (ARPI). Previously, we evaluated the in vitro response of 24 AR mutations, identified in men with castration-resistant PCa, to five AR antagonists. In the current work, we evaluated 44 additional PCa-associated AR mutants, reported in the literature, and thus expanded the study of the effect of darolutamide to a total of 68 AR mutants. Unlike other AR antagonists, we demonstrate that darolutamide exhibits consistent efficiency against all characterized gain-of-function mutations in a full-length AR. Additionally, the response of the AR mutants to clinically used bicalutamide and enzalutamide, as well as to major endogenous steroids (DHT, estradiol, progesterone and hydrocortisone), was also investigated. As genomic profiling of PCa patients becomes increasingly feasible, the developed “AR functional encyclopedia” could provide decision-makers with a tool to guide the treatment choice for PCa patients based on their AR mutation status.
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