UBC Faculty Research and Publications

All-cause and Cause-specific Mortality in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus : A Population-based Study Moghaddam, Bahar; Marozoff, Shelby; Li, Lingyi; Sayre, E. C.; Aviña-Zubieta, J. Antonio


Objective: To investigate all-cause and cause-specific mortality in SLE patients between two time periods, 1997-2005 and 2006-2014. Methods: We used an administrative health database from the province of British Columbia, Canada to match all incident SLE patients to 10 non-SLE individuals on sex, age and index date. Cohorts were divided into two sub-groups, according to diagnosis year: early cohort 1997-2005 and late cohort 2006-2014. The outcome was death (all-cause, renal disease, cancer, infection, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and other). Hazard ratios (HR and 95% confidence intervals) were estimated using univariate and multivariable Cox models. Results: Among 6,092 SLE patients and 60,920 non-SLE individuals, there were 451 and 1,910 deaths, respectively. The fully-adjusted all-cause mortality HR (95% CI) in the overall SLE cohort was 1.85 (1.66-2.06), with no statistically significant improvement between early and late cohorts (1.95 (1.69-2.26) versus 1.74 (1.49-2.04). There was excess mortality from renal disease (3.04 (2.29-4.05)), infections (2.74 (2.19-3.43)) and CVD (2.05 (1.77-2.38)), but not cancer (1.18 (0.96-1.46)), in the overall SLE cohort. There was no statistically significant improvement in cause-specific mortality between early and late cohorts for renal disease (3.57 (2.37-5.36) versus 2.65 (1.78-3.93)), infection (2.94 (2.17-3.98) versus 2.54 (1.84-3.51)), and CVD (1.95 (1.60-2.38) versus 2.18 (1.76-2.71)). There was no increase in cancer-related mortality in either cohort (1.27 (0.96-1.69) versus 1.10 (0.82-1.48)). Conclusion: This population-based study demonstrates a persisting mortality gap in all-cause and cause-specific deaths in SLE patients, compared to the general population.

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