UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Fifteen-year trends in self-reported racism and link with health and well-being of African Canadian adolescents: a secondary data analysis Okoye, Helen U.; Saewyc, Elizabeth Marie


Background: We assessed the prevalence and trends in racial discrimination among African Canadian adolescents in British Columbia. The association between racial discrimination and self-rated health, access to mental health services, substance use, suicidal thoughts and attempts, experience of extreme stress, among others were examined within the 2018 dataset. Methods: Secondary analysis used the data collected from African Canadian adolescents (n = 2448) as part of the British Columbia Adolescent Health Surveys (2003–2018). We examined whether racial discrimination increased, decreased, or remained stable over time. We evaluated experiences of racial discrimination for all adolescents, and then disaggregated analyses for boys, girls, immigrant, and Canadian-born African adolescents. We used Rao-Scott’s adjusted chi-square to test differences in racial discrimination and adjusted logistic regressions to test trends across survey years, widening or narrowing gaps in racial discrimination, as well as the link to health outcomes. Results: Racial discrimination was significantly different across the survey years (Adjusted F = 4.60, p 

Item Media

Item Citations and Data


Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Usage Statistics