Mechanical and Adsorptive Properties of Foamed EVA-Modified Polypropylene/Bamboo Charcoal Composites Li, Wenzhu; Zhang, Jing; Huang, Jingda; Shao, Yuanchao; Zhang, Wenbiao; Dai, Chunping
Due to its excellent adsorption and humidity control function, bamboo charcoal (BC) has often been mixed with polypropylene (PP) to produce PP/BC composites for interior paneling applications. However, due to the poor foaming quality of PP, PP/BC composites suffer as a result of their high density, which limits their scope of use. Here, to improve its foaming quality, PP was modified with ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), and then the EVA-modified PP (E-PP) was mixed with different contents of BC (0 wt.%–50 wt.%), as well as foaming agent (Azodicarbonamide, AC) and its auxiliaries (ZnO, Znst), in a twin-screw extruder, followed by hot-pressing at high temperature to obtain foamed E-PP/BC composites. The resulting composites showed good porosity and pore distribution with an increase of BC content by up to 20%. Further increase in the BC content seemed to cause the foaming performance to decrease significantly. The product density and adsorption rate increased, while the mechanical strength decreased with increasing BC content. At a BC content of 40 wt.%, the foamed E-PP/BC composite showed the best combined performance, with a density of 0.90 g/cm3, 24-h formaldehyde adsorption rate of 0.48, and bending strength of 11.59 MPa.
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