UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Changes in parents' perceived injury risk after a medically-attended injury to their child Ishikawa, Takuro; Mâsse, Louise; Brussoni, Mariana

Abstract

Unintentional injuries are a major cause of hospitalization and death for children worldwide. Since children who sustain a medically-attended injury are at higher risk of recurrence, it is crucial to generate knowledge that informs interventions to prevent re-incidence. This study examines when, in the year following a medically-attended injury, parents perceive the greatest risk of injury recurrence. Since perception of injury risk is associated with parental preventive behavior, this can inform decisions on the timing of parent-targeted interventions to prevent re-injury. Study participants were 186 English-fluent parents of children 0 to 16 years, presenting at the British Columbia Children's Hospital for an unintentional pediatric injury. Perceived risk of the same and of any injury recurring were elicited from parents, when they sought treatment at the hospital, as well as one, four, and twelve months later. Mixed-effects models were used to analyze changes in parents' responses. Analysis indicates that perceived risk of the same injury recurring did not change. However, perceived risk of any injury recurring increased from baseline to first follow-up, then decreased during the rest of the year. Overall, perceived risk of any injury was higher for parents whose child had a history of injuries.

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