Gender modifies the effect of body mass index on lung function decline in mild-to-moderate COPD patients: a pooled analysis Chen, Wenjia; Sadatsafavi, Mohsen; FitzGerald, J. M.; Lynd, Larry D.; Sin, Don D.
Background: Low body weight is associated with poor prognosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, it is not known whether gender modifies this relationship. Methods: We pooled data of 8686 COPD patients from 7 studies with a median length of 36-months of follow up. Using a longitudinal natural cubic spline regression model, we examined the dose–response relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the rate of decline in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV₁) in patients with GOLD 1 and 2 disease, stratified by gender and adjusted for age, smoking status, and cohort effects. Results: There was an inverse linear relationship between BMI and the rate of FEV1 decline in GOLD Grades 1 and 2, which was modified by gender (p
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