UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Comparing the effects of infrastructure on bicycling injury at intersections and non-intersections using a case–crossover design Harris, M. Anne; Reynolds, Conor; Winters, Meghan; Cripton, Peter Alec, 1965-; Shen, Hui; Chipman, Mary L.; Cusimano, Michael D.; Babul, Shelina; Brubacher, Jeffrey; Friedman, Steven M.; Hunte, Garth S.; Monro, Melody; Vernich, Lee; Teschke, Kay


Background: This study examined the impact of transportation infrastructure at intersection and non-intersection locations on bicycling injury risk. Results: At intersections, the types of routes meeting and the intersection design influenced safety. Intersections of two local streets (no demarcated traffic lanes) had approximately one-fifth the risk (adjusted OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.05 to 0.66) of intersections of two major streets (more than two traffic lanes). Motor vehicle speeds less than 30 km/h also reduced risk (adjusted OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.29 to 0.92). Traffic circles (small roundabouts) on local streets increased the risk of these otherwise safe intersections (adjusted OR 7.98, 95% CI 1.79 to 35.6). At non-intersection locations, very low risks were found for cycle tracks (bike lanes physically separated from motor vehicle traffic; adjusted OR 0.05, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.59) and local streets with diverters that reduce motor vehicle traffic (adjusted OR 0.04, 95% CI 0.003 to 0.60). Downhill grades increased risks at both intersections and non-intersections. Conclusions: These results provide guidance for transportation planners and engineers: at local street intersections, traditional stops are safer than traffic circles, and at non-intersections, cycle tracks alongside major streets and traffic diversion from local streets are safer than no bicycle infrastructure.

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International